中國農業科學 ?? 2019, Vol. 52 ?? Issue (18): 3083-3088.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.18.001

? 基礎理論研究 ? 上一篇    下一篇

營養導向型農業的概念、發展與啟示

盧士軍1,黃家章1,吳鳴2,沈東婧3,孫君茂1()   

  1. 1. 農業農村部食物與營養發展研究所,北京 100081
    2. 中國科學院文獻情報中心,北京 100190
    3. 中國科學院上海生命科學信息中心,上海 200031
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-20 接受日期:2019-07-08 出版日期:2019-09-16 發布日期:2019-09-23
  • 通訊作者: 孫君茂 E-mail:[email protected]
  • 作者簡介:盧士軍,E-mail: [email protected]
  • 基金資助:
    國家重點研發計劃(2016YFE0113100);中國農業科學院科技創新工程項目(CAAS-ASTIP-2016-IFND)

The Concept and Development of Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture and Its Enlightenments to China

LU ShiJun1,HUANG JiaZhang1,WU Ming2,SHEN DongJing3,SUN JunMao1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Food and Nutrition Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081
    2. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
    3. Shanghai Information Center for Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031
  • Received:2018-11-20 Accepted:2019-07-08 Online:2019-09-16 Published:2019-09-23
  • Contact: JunMao SUN E-mail:[email protected]

摘要:

為解決全球面臨的諸多營養與農業問題,探求營養、健康與農業發展之間的關系,自2013年以來,營養導向型農業的概念體系逐步發展完善,其政策措施也為全球推進營養導向型農業戰略起到了重要的示范和引領作用。2013年前后為概念產生階段,2014—2018年為概念發展階段。營養導向型農業主要包括以食物供給為導向和以食物系統為導向兩條主線。2017年FAO提出,營養導向型農業是一種以可持續的方式來滿足居民膳食需求的新型農業范式或方案,旨在確保生產量足質優且價格合理、營養豐富、文化適宜、安全的各種食物,營養和健康是營養導向型農業的最終目標和衡量標準。為了實現這個目標,必須關注整個食物系統。同時在中國發展營養導向型農業需要考慮中國農業發展面臨的諸多問題,包括農業發展的主要矛盾已由過去的總量不足轉變為結構性矛盾;農產品品質家底不清,缺少農產品營養品質基準數據,缺乏完善的農產品質量法規體系等。營養導向型農業給新時代中國農業發展帶來的啟示:一是應以食物營養為導向,提高農產品營養質量,滿足消費者對食物營養和健康的新需要;二是應以營養品質作為標尺,建立國家農產品營養成分基準數據庫,完善相關法律及新時代食物與營養發展綱要的修改和制定。

關鍵詞: 營養導向型農業, 概念, 發展, 全產業鏈

Abstract:

In order to solve the many nutritional problems facing the world and explore the relationship between nutrition, health and agricultural development, since 2013, the concept system of NSA has gradually developed and improved, and its policy measures have played an important role in promoting the NSA strategy globally. The concept generation stage was around 2013, and the concept development stage was from 2014 to 2018.The definition and target of NSA were mainly food supply oriented and food system oriented. In 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) put forward that NSA was an approach that sought to ensure the production of a variety of affordable, nutritious, culturally appropriate and safe foods in adequate quantity and quality to meet the dietary requirements of populations in a sustainable manner. NSA used nutrition and health issues as its ultimate goal orientation and measurement. In order to achieve this goal, attention had to be paid to the entire food system. At the same time, the development of NSA in China had to consider many problems facing China's agricultural development. First, the main contradiction of China's agricultural development has changed from the quantity insufficient in the past to structural deficiency. Second, the benchmark data of nutritional quality of agricultural products was not clear, and the laws and regulations in agricultural product quality were of lack. Reconstructing the agricultural industry chain and food nutrition value chain with nutrition orientation could bring out enlightenments to solve many problems facing agricultural development in China: First, we should take food nutrition as the orientation and increase the supply of medium and high-end agricultural products to meet the new needs of consumers. Second, the nutritional quality should be taken as test standard of high quality, the national benchmark database of nutritional composition of agricultural products should be established, and relevant laws and the revision and formulation of the new food and nutrition development program should be improved.

Key words: nutrition-sensitive agriculture, concept, development, the whole industry chain

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