中國農業科學 ?? 2019, Vol. 52 ?? Issue (22): 3943-3949.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.22.001

? 分子遺傳 ? 上一篇    下一篇

禾谷類雜糧作物耐逆和栽培技術研究新進展

刁現民   

  1. 中國農業科學院作物科學研究所/國家現代農業產業技術體系谷子高粱產業技術研發中心,北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-11 接受日期:2019-11-06 出版日期:2019-11-16 發布日期:2019-11-16
  • 作者簡介:刁現民,E-mail:[email protected]
  • 基金資助:
    國家現代農業產業技術體系專項(CARS-06-13.5-A4)

Progresses in Stress Tolerance and Field Cultivation Studies of Orphan Cereals in China

DIAO XianMin   

  1. Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Center of Millet and Sorghum Section, the Chinese Agricultural Research System, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2019-10-11 Accepted:2019-11-06 Online:2019-11-16 Published:2019-11-16

摘要:

禾谷類雜糧作物谷子、高粱、黍稷等是旱作生態農業的主栽作物,也是中國傳統農耕文化的載體作物,在膳食結構多樣化和人民健康保障方面有著不可或缺的作用。禾谷類雜糧多栽培在旱薄地、鹽堿地和糧食主產區的邊際田塊,品種的耐逆性尤其重要。本文作為本期《中國農業科學》20篇禾谷類雜糧的抗旱耐鹽和栽培耕作技術研究文章的導讀,在對谷子高粱和黍稷進行概況介紹的基礎上,展示了這些文章的核心內容和創新點,比較了這些結果和國內外高度相關的同類文章在關鍵發現上的異同,以拓展讀者的閱讀視野,同時對谷子高粱黍稷的抗旱耐逆研究進行了展望。

關鍵詞: 谷子, 高粱, 黍稷, 抗旱, 耐鹽

Abstract:

Small cereal crops, including foxtail millet (Setaria italica), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), are important in northern China’s arid and semi-arid dry land agriculture, which are main components for a diversified food system and considered as traditional healthy food. Because they are mainly cultivated in dry land and salinity soils, natural and human selection had made those crops with super capability for drought and salt tolerant. This issue of Scientia Agricultura Sinica published 20 papers focus on drought tolerance, salinity tolerance, disease resistance and cultivation of those orphan crops in China. Nearly all these papers were conducted by the scientific researcher of the Chinese Agricultural Research System, Millet and Sorghum Section. This is a brief introduction of these 20 papers, and some comparisons between conclusions of those researches with the known published ones are also included. Foxtail millet, sorghum and broomcorn millet are considered as models for drought and salinity study in the grasses family, the papers published here will push the progress of this system.

Key words: foxtail millet, sorghum, broomcorn millet, drought tolerance, salinity tolerance

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